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JavaScript实现数字前补“0”的五种方法示例

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KaiWn

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<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
"http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" />
<title>JavaScript 数字前补“0”</title>
<body>
<script>
 //迭代方式实现
 function padding1(num, length) {
  for(var len = (num + "").length; len < length; len = num.length) {
   num = "0" + num;
  }
  return num;
 }
 //递归方式实现
 function padding2(num, length) {
  if((num + "").length >= length) {
   return num;
  }
  return padding2("0" + num, length)
 }
 //转为小数
 function padding3(num, length) {
  var decimal = num / Math.pow(10, length);
  //toFixed指定保留几位小数
  decimal = decimal.toFixed(length) + "";
  return decimal.substr(decimal.indexOf(".")+1);
 }
 //填充截取法
 function padding4(num, length) {
  //这里用slice和substr均可
  return (Array(length).join("0") + num).slice(-length);
 }
 //填充截取法
 function padding5(num, length) {
  var len = (num + "").length;
  var diff = length - len;
  if(diff > 0) {
   return Array(diff).join("0") + num;
  }
  return num;
 }
 function test(num, length) {
  document.write(padding1(num, length));
  document.write("<br>");
  document.write(padding2(num, length));
  document.write("<br>");
  document.write(padding3(num, length));
  document.write("<br>");
  document.write(padding4(num, length));
  document.write("<br>");
  document.write(padding5(num, length));
  document.write("<br>");
 }
 test(123, 10);
 test(1234567890123, 10);
</script>
</body>
</html>

输出

0000000123
0000000123
0000000123
0000000123
000000123
1234567890123
1234567890123
4567890123
4567890123
1234567890123

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